One of the attractive things about scooters is the fact that they are inexpensive to operate. They are also easy to maintain, as scooter repair can easily be performed at home without any special tools or extensive knowledge concerning automotive repairs.
Sizing Spark Plug Gaps
Your scooter could misfire or run sluggishly if its spark plugs do not have the proper gap. To check, remove one of them by opening the cover that surrounds them, and then use a plug socket to lift it up. Turn the socket over, and you will notice an arm that extends over the cylinder. Take a gap measuring tool, which can be purchased at an auto supply store, and insert the spark plug into it in order to check the distance between the arm and the cylinder. Most spark plugs should have a space of between .018 and .025. If it is outside of that range, use the measuring tool to adjust the space before reinserting the spark plug.
Removing the Carburetor
It can sometimes be necessary to take the carburetor out of a scooter in order to clean it. This may need to be done if the vehicle backfires or sputters while it is running. To access the carburetor, take off the side covers, which are near the footrests. Locate the carburetor by looking for a rectangular plastic box that is attached to it. Loosen the screws on the side and top of the part before loosening the throttle cable and fuel line. Once you do these things, the carburetor should then slide out easily.
Tightening Brake Lines
Excess vibration sometimes causes the brake lines on a scooter to become loose after time, and this can affect your ability to stop properly. To resolve this issue, the only scooter repair that needs to be performed is tightening these lines. Locate your brake lines by looking for a small rubber hose that extends from the center of your wheel to underneath your fender. This line is held in place by a bolt, and you may feel that it is somewhat loose or wobbly. Tighten the bolt with a wrench and then press on your scooter’s brakes lightly. You should be able to tell an immediate difference in their ability to grab. For best results, check and tighten front and back lines at the same time.
Replacing Transmission Belt
A transmission belt can wear over time and make it difficult for your scooter to shift gears. To access this belt, remove the transmission cover and then look for a small pulley, known as a variator, near the middle of your vehicle. Remove the bolt holding the variator in place and then take this part out. Look for the outer clutch, which will have six holes that form a circular pattern. Remove this clutch so that you can take off the belt and place a new one on. Replace the clutch and then reattach the variator.
Scooters contain much fewer parts that motorcycles or automobiles do. As such, most parts are easy to access, meaning that repairs can typically be performed very quickly in many cases.